Lantern Star

Song: Chiếc đèn ông sao

Sounds of Vietnam

Song: Âm Hưởng Việt Nam
A beautiful traditional Vietnamese song. Instruments: đàn tranh, đàn nguyệt (Vietnamese traditional instruments) and other instruments.

Holidays in Vietnam

Holidays in Vietnam are a special time of year, celebrated in a fun and relaxed atmosphere. These annual holidays commemorate noteworthy occasions or traditions with historical, cultural, or religious significance. The Vietnamese people take great pride in their holidays, and they are a time for families and communities to come together to celebrate and give thanks.
*Holidays off

New Year's Day: January 1 - 1 day off

New Year's Day is the first day of the year and a national holiday in Vietnam. It is a time for families to come together and celebrate the new year with a festive spirit.

Lunar New Year (Tết): From last day of the last lunar month to 4th day of the first lunar month - 5 day off
Lunar New Year, also known as Tết Nguyên Đán, is the biggest and most important holiday of the year in Vietnam. It is a time for families to come together and celebrate the new year with a festive spirit.
Tết is celebrated for three days, from the last day of the last lunar month to the third day of the first lunar month. During this time, people clean their homes, buy new clothes, and prepare special foods. They also visit temples, give red envelopes to children, and perform traditional rituals.

Hung Kings Commemorations: 10th day of the 3rd lunar month - 1 day off
The Hung Kings are a legendary group of rulers who are credited with founding Vietnam. According to legend, the Hung Kings were descended from the Dragon God and the Fairy Mother. They ruled Vietnam for generations, and during their reign, they created a strong and prosperous country.
Hung Kings Commemorations Day is a time for Vietnamese people to honor the Hung Kings and their contributions to the country. People visit the temples of the Hung Kings, offer sacrifices, and perform traditional rituals. There are also many festivals and celebrations held on this day.

Day of Southern Liberation and National Reunification: April 30 - 1 day off
Reunification Day, also known as the Day of Southern Liberation and National Reunification, is a national holiday in Vietnam that commemorates the end of the Vietnam War and the reunification of the country on April 30, 1975.

International Workers' Day: May 1 - 1 day off
Workers' Day, also known as International Workers' Day, is a global holiday that celebrates the working class.

National Day: September 2 - 2 days off (September 2 and 1 day before or after)
Vietnam National Day is the day President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence, giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

*Other holidays and anniversaries

Solar calendar

January 9: Vietnamese Students' Day
February 3: Communist Party of Vietnam Foundation Anniversary
February 14: Valentine's Day
February 27: Vietnamese Physicians' Day
March 8: International Women's Day
March 20: International Day of Happiness
March 22: World Water Day
March 24: Vietnamese Bread Day
March 26: Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union Foundation Day
March 27: Vietnam Sports Day
April 1: April Fool's Day
April 18: Vietnam People with Disabilities Day
April 21: Vietnam Book Day
April 22: Earth Day
May 7: Dien Bien Phu Victory Day
May 15: Founding Day of Ho Chi Minh Young Pioneers Team
May 19: President Ho Chi Minh's Birthday
June 1: International Children's Day
June 5: World Environment Day
3rd Sunday of June: Father's Day
June 28: Vietnamese Family Day
July 27: Vietnamese War Invalids and Martyrs’ Day
August 19: August Revolution Commemoration Day
October 1: International Day of Older Persons
October 13: Vietnamese Entrepreneur's Day
October 20: Vietnamese Women's Day
October 31: Halloween Day
November 7: October Revolution Day
November 19: International Men's Day
November 20: Vietnamese Teachers' Day
December 22: National Defence Day
December 25: Christmas
December 29 or December 30: Year End Party

March or April: Easter
Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is often considered one of the most important Christian holidays of the year, and it is typically celebrated on a Sunday between March 22nd and April 25th.

Lunar calendar

January 15: Lantern Festival
On the full moon day of January, people go to temples to worship the stars and make wishes to dispel bad luck and bring good fortune.

March 3: Cold Food Festival
On the Cold Food Festival, people make floating rice cakes to worship their ancestors.

April 15: Buddha's Triple Celebration
April 15 is a special day for Buddhists all over the world. It is the day that Gautama Buddha was born, attained enlightenment, and passed away.

May 5: Tết Đoan Ngọ
In Vietnam, Tết Đoan Ngọ is also known as the "Tet to kill pests." It is the day to start catching insects and eliminating pests and diseases that harm crops.

July 15: Vu Lan Festival
On this day, Vietnamese families prepare a tray of rice and other offerings to offer to their ancestors' altar, wishing their grandparents and parents good health and happiness.

August 12: Theater Day
Vietnam Theater Day is an occasion for artists from all over the country to commemorate and honor the ancestors and generations of artists who have made significant contributions to the country's theatrical arts.

August 15: Mid-autumn Festival
Tet Trung Thu, also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is a children's holiday in Vietnam. On this day, children enjoy a variety of activities, including receiving toys, marching in a lantern procession, wearing masks, dancing with lions, and eating mooncakes.

December 23: Kitchen Gods Festival
Every year on this day, the Kitchen Gods ride carps to fly to heaven to report to the Jade Emperor on all the good and bad deeds of the household. They return to earth on New Year's Eve to continue their duties of guarding the hearth.

March: Festival for Tending Graves
On this day, children and grandchildren visit the graves of their ancestors. If they see tall grass, they cut it down. If the soil is loose, they fill it in. Then, they go home to make offerings to their ancestors.

Image: Unsplash

How to type Vietnamese diacritics

Vietnamese characters have diacritics, which can be typed on a computer with software that supports typing in diacritics.

Vietnamese accents
Some free typing support software:
UniKey and EVKey are the two most popular free Vietnamese typing software programs. They are compact, stable, easy to use, and have many features. They are also compatible with all versions of Windows.

To type Vietnamese diacritics using UniKey or EVKey, follow these steps:

1. Open UniKey or EVKey.
2. Choose the following settings:
Unicode: Bảng mã
Telex: Kiểu gõ
Advance setting: Mở rộng
Press the key combination Ctrl + Shift or Alt + Z to toggle Vietnamese typing.

How to type Vietnamese diacritics

â : aa
ă : aw
ô : oo
ơ : ow
ư : uw
ê : ee
đ : dd
Acute accent / : s
Grave accent \ : f
Tilde ~ : x
Dot . : j
Question mark ? : r
Remove : z

Example: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam you type Coong hoaf xax hooij chur nghiax Vieet Nam

Vietnamese characters have diacritics, which are essential for typing Vietnamese text on a computer. To type Vietnamese with diacritics, you need to install software that supports them.

Vietnam Postal Code

A postal code is a sequence of numbers or letters, or a combination of numbers and letters, used by the postal service of a country to identify geographic areas and facilitate mail sorting and delivery.
Vietnam Postal Code
*Postal Code History

Postal codes were first used in London in 1857, when the city was divided into ten districts and each was given a one- or two-letter postal code. Liverpool became the first other city to use the system in 1864. After World War I, postal codes were expanded from England to other major European cities. Vietnam implemented the use of postal codes in 2004, in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of Post and Telematics and based on global standards and World Postal Union directives.

*Postal code terms in some countries

ZIP Code: Standard Terms in the US and Philippines
Postal code: Standard Terms in Canada
Postcode: Standard Terms in Many English-Speaking Countries
CAP: Standard Terms in Italy
CEP: Standard Terms in Brazil
PIN: Standard Terms in India

*Vietnam Postal Code

Vietnam Postal Code Structure

The Vietnam postal code consists of a set of five numeric characters:
The first two characters identify the province or city directly under the Central Government.
The first three or four characters identify the county, district, and equivalent administrative unit.
There are five characters that identify the subject of the National Postal Code assignment.

Websites to look up details of postal codes in Vietnam

Hanoi Postal Code (30 districts and 1 town)
    1. Ha Noi: 10000
    2. Hoan Kiem: 11000
    3. Ba Dinh: 11100
    4. Tay Ho: 11200
    5. Cau Giay: 11300
    6. Thanh Xuan: 11400
    7. Dong Da: 11500
    8. Hai Ba Trung: 11600
    9. Hoang Mai: 11700
    10. Long Bien: 11800
    11. Bac Tu Liem: 11900
    12. Nam Tu Liem: 12000
    13. Ha Dong: 12100
    14. Soc Son: 12200
    15. Dong Anh: 12300
    16. Gia Lam: 12400
    17. Thanh Tri: 12500
    18. Ba Vi: 12600
    19. Son Tay Town: 12700
    20. Phuc Tho: 12800
    21. Me Linh: 12900
    22. Dan Phuong: 13000
    23. Thach That: 13100
    24. Hoai Duc: 13200
    25. Quoc Oai: 13300
    26. Chuong My: 13400
    27. Thanh Oai: 13500
    28. Thuong Tin: 13600
    29. My Duc: 13700
    30. Ung Hoa: 13800
    31. Phu Xuyen: 13900
Ho Chi Minh City Postal Code (24 districts)
    1. District 1: 71000
    2. District 2: 71100
    3. District 9: 71200
    4. Thu Duc: 71300
    5. Go Vap: 71400
    6. District 12: 71500
    7. Cu Chi: 71600
    8. Hoc Mon: 71700
    9. Binh Chanh: 71800
    10. Binh Tan: 71900
    11. Tan Phu: 72000
    12. Tan Binh: 72100
    13. Phu Nhuan: 72200
    14. Binh Thach: 72300
    15. District 3: 72400
    16. District 10: 72500
    17. District 11: 72600
    18. District 5: 72700
    19. District 4: 72800
    20. District 7: 72900
    21. District 8: 73000
    22. District 6: 73100
    23. Nha Be: 73200
    24. Can Gio: 73300
Vietnam Postal Code (58 provinces and 5 cities)
  1. An Giang: 90000
  2. Ba Ria Vung Tau: 78000
  3. Bac Giang: 26000
  4. Bac Kan: 23000
  5. Bac Lieu : 97000
  6. Bac Ninh: 16000
  7. Ben Tre: 86000
  8. Binh Dinh: 55000
  9. Binh Duong: 75000
  10. Binh Phuoc: 67000
  11. Binh Thuan: 77000
  12. Ca Mau: 98000
  13. Can Tho City: 94000
  14. Cao Bang: 21000
  15. Da Nang City: 50000
  16. Dak Lak: 63000 - 64000
  17. Dac Nong: 65000
  18. Dien Bien: 32000
  19. Dong Nai: 76000
  20. Dong Thap: 81000
  21. Gia Lai: 61000 - 62000
  22. Ha Giang: 20000
  23. Ha Nam: 18000
  24. Ha Noi City: 10000 - 14000
  25. Ha Tinh: 45000 - 46000
  26. Hai Duong: 03000
  27. Hai Phong City: 04000 - 05000
  28. Hau Giang: 95000
  29. Ho Chi Minh City: 70000 - 74000
  30. Hoa Binh: 36000
  31. Hung Yen: 17000
  32. Khanh Hoa: 67000
  33. Kien Giang: 91000 - 92000
  34. Kon Tum: 60000
  35. Lai Chau: 30000
  36. Lam Dong: 66000
  37. Lang Son: 25000
  38. Lao Cai: 31000
  39. Long An: 82000 - 83000
  40. Nam Dinh: 07000
  41. Nghe An: 43000 - 44000
  42. Ninh Binh: 08000
  43. Ninh Thuan: 59000
  44. Phu Tho: 35000
  45. Phu Yen: 56000
  46. Quang Binh: 47000
  47. Quang Nam: 51000 - 52000
  48. Quang Ngai: 53000 - 54000
  49. Quang Ninh: 01000 - 02000
  50. Quang Tri: 48000
  51. Soc Trang: 96000
  52. Son La: 34000
  53. Tay Ninh: 80000
  54. Thai Binh: 06000
  55. Thai Nguyen: 24000
  56. Thanh Hoa: 40000 - 42000
  57. Thua Thien Hue: 49000
  58. Tien Giang: 84000
  59. Tra Vinh: 87000
  60. Tuyen Quang: 22000
  61. Vinh Long: 85000
  62. Vinh Phuc: 15000
  63. Yen Bai: 33000

Image: Unsplash